OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to establish whether, in normal human pregnancies, the maternal intravenous infusion of amino acids can increase fetal amino acid uptake and amino acid concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty- six normal pregnancies were studied at the time of cesarean delivery (38-40 weeks' gestation). In 10 cases an amino acid formulation (Freamine 8,5% III, Baxter) was infused into a maternal vein before cesarean delivery. Maternal blood samples were obtained during the course of the study. Umbilical venous and arterial samples were obtained from the clamped segment of the cord. There were no differences between the 2 groups for fetal and placental weights and for fetal oxygenation and acid-base balance. RESULTS: Maternal amino acid concentrations increased significantly in the group receiving infusions. Significant increases in umbilical venous concentrations were observed for most amino acids, except for histidine and threonine. The amino acid umbilical arteriovenous differences per mole of oxygen (AA/O2 ratio) increased significantly for leucine, isoleucine, valine, methionine, phenylalanine, arginine, glycine serine, alanine, and proline. There were no significant increases for lysine, histidine, and threonine. CONCLUSION: An increase in maternal concentrations leads to an increase in the delivery of most amino acids to the fetus.
|Titolo:||Umbilical amino acid uptake at increasing maternal amino acid concentrations : effect of a maternal amino acid infusate|
MARCONI, ANNA MARIA (Secondo)
PARDI, GIORGIO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|