Background & Aims: Iron accumulation within the arterial wall has been hypothesized to promote atherosclerosis progression. Aim of this study was to evaluate whether the hormone hepcidin and iron stores are associated with arterial stiffness in subjects with essential hypertension. Methods: Circulating hepcidin, ferritin, and mutations in the hemochromatosis gene were compared between subjects included in the first vs. third tertile (n=284 each) of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) in an unselected cohort of patients with arterial hypertension. Results: At univariate logistic regression analysis, high PWV was associated with higher ferritin levels (p=0.010), but lower hepcidin (p=0.045), and hepcidin ferritin/ratio (p<0.001). Hemochromatosis mutations predisposing to iron overload were associated with high PWV (p=0.025). At multivariate logistic regression analysis, high aortic stiffness was associated with older age, male sex, lower BMI, higher systolic blood pressure and heart rate, hyperferritinemia (OR 2.05, 95% c.i. 1.11-3.17 per log ng/ml; p=0.022), and lower circulating hepcidin concentration (OR 0.29, 95% c.i. 0.16-0.51 per log ng/ml; p<0.001). In subgroup analyses, high PWV was associated with indices of target organ damage, including microalbuminuria (n=125, p=0.038), lower ejection fraction (n=175, p=0.031), cardiac diastolic dysfunction (p=0.004), and lower S wave peak systolic velocity (p<0.001). Ferritin was associated with cardiac diastolic dysfunction, independently of confounders (p=0.006). Conclusions: In conclusion, hyperferritinemia is associated with high aortic stiffness and cardiac diastolic dysfunction, while low circulating hepcidin with high aortic stiffness.
Iron stores, hepcidin, and aortic stiffness in individuals with hypertension / L. Valenti, A. Maloberti, S. Signorini, M. Milano, F. Cesana, F. Cappellini, P. Dongiovanni, M. Porzio, F. Soriano, M. Brambilla, G. Cesana, P. Brambilla, C. Giannattasio, S. Fargion. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 10:8(2015 Aug 05), pp. e0134635.1-e0134635.12.
|Titolo:||Iron stores, hepcidin, and aortic stiffness in individuals with hypertension|
|Parole Chiave:||Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all); Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all); Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-ago-2015|
|Centro di ricerca:||Centro per lo studio e la cura delle malattie metaboliche del fegato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134635|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|