Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is characterized by loss of motoneurons and sensory neurons, accompanied by atrophy of muscle cells. SBMA is due to an androgen receptor containing a polyglutamine tract (ARpolyQ) that misfolds and aggregates, thereby perturbing the protein quality control (PQC) system. Using SBMA AR113Q mice we analyzed proteotoxic stress-induced alterations of HSPB8-mediated PQC machinery promoting clearance of misfolded proteins by autophagy. In muscle of symptomatic AR113Q male mice, we found expression upregulation of Pax-7, myogenin, E2-ubiquitin ligase UBE2Q1 and acetylcholine receptor (AchR), but not of MyoD, and of two E3-ligases (MuRF-1 and Cullin3). TGFβ1 and PGC-1α were also robustly upregulated. We also found a dramatic perturbation of the autophagic response, with upregulation of most autophagic markers (Beclin-1, ATG10, p62/SQSTM1, LC3) and of the HSPB8-mediated PQC response. Both HSPB8 and its co-chaperone BAG3 were robustly upregulated together with other specific HSPB8 interactors (HSPB2 and HSPB3). Notably, the BAG3:BAG1 ratio increased in muscle suggesting preferential misfolded proteins routing to autophagy rather than to proteasome. Thus, mutant ARpolyQ induces a potent autophagic response in muscle cells. Alteration in HSPB8-based PQC machinery may represent muscle-specific biomarkers useful to assess SBMA progression in mice and patients in response to pharmacological treatments.
Aberrant Autophagic Response in The Muscle of A Knock-in Mouse Model of Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy / P. Rusmini, M.J. Polanco, R. Cristofani, M.E. Cicardi, M. Meroni, M. Galbiati, M. Piccolella, E. Messi, E. Giorgetti, A.P. Lieberman, C. Milioto, A. Rocchi, T. Aggarwal, M. Pennuto, V. Crippa, A. Poletti. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 5:15174(2015 Oct 22), pp. 1-21.
|Titolo:||Aberrant Autophagic Response in The Muscle of A Knock-in Mouse Model of Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy|
RUSMINI, PAOLA (Primo)
CRIPPA, VALERIA (Penultimo)
POLETTI, ANGELO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Androgen receptor; motoneuron diseases; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; kennedy's disease; Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy; SBMA; CAG repeat; polyglutamine; neurodegeneration; HSPB8; Protein quality control; autophagy; proteasome; BAG3; LC3; p62; muscle|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||22-ott-2015|
|Centro di ricerca:||Centro Interdipartimentale di Eccellenza per le Malattie Neurodegenerative CEND|
Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerca sulle Basi Molecolari delle Malattie Neurodegenerative
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep15174|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|