Background and purpose: Angiogenesis involves multiple signaling pathways that must be considered when developing agents to modulate pathological angiogenesis. Because both cyclooxygenase inhibitors and dithioles have demonstrated antiangiogenic properties, we investigated the activities of a new class of anti-inflammatory drugs containing dithiolethione moieties (S-NSAIDs) and S-valproate. Experimental approach: Anti-angiogenic activities of S-NSAIDS, S-valproate, and the respective parent compounds were assessed using umbilical vein endothelial cells, muscle and tumor tissue explant angiogenesis assays, and developmental angiogenesis in Fli: EGFP transgenic zebrafish embryos. Key results: Dithiolethione derivatives of diclofenac, valproate, and sulindac inhibited endothelial cell proliferation and induced Ser 78 phosphorylation of hsp27, a known molecular target of anti-angiogenic signaling. The parent drugs lacked this activity, but dithiolethiones were active at comparable concentrations. Although dithiolethiones can potentially release hydrogen sulphide, NaSH did not reproduce some activities of the S-NSAIDs, indicating that the dithioles regulate angiogenesis through mechanisms other than release of H2S. In contrast to the parent drugs, S-NSAIDs, S-valproate, NaSH, and dithiolethiones were potent inhibitors of angiogenic responses in muscle and HT29 tumor explants assessed by 3-dimensional collagen matrix assays. Dithiolethiones and valproic acid were also potent inhibitors of developmental angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos, but the S-NSAIDs, remarkably, lacked this activity. Conclusions and implication: S-NSAIDs and S-valproate have potent anti-angiogenic activities mediated by their dithiole moieties. The novel properties of S-NSAIDs and S-valproate to inhibit pathological versus developmental angiogenesis suggest that these agents may have a role in cancer treatment.
|Titolo:||Modulation of angiogenesis by dithiolethione-modified NSAIDs and valproic acid|
|Autori interni:||SPARATORE, ANNA CONCETTINA|
|Parole Chiave:||angiogenesis inhibitors; hsp27 phosphorylation; dithioles; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/sj.bjp.0707198|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|