The increased resistances to conventional antibiotics determine a strong need for new antibacterials, and specific syntheses at the nanoscale promise to be helpful in this field. A novel Zinc-doped Copper oxide nanocomposite (nZn-CuO) has been recently sonochemically synthesized and successfully tested also against multi-drug resistant bacteria. After synthesis and characterization of the physicochemical properties, the new nZn-CuO is here evaluated by the Frog Embyo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus test for its toxicological potential and this compared with that of nCuO and nZnO synthesized under the same conditions. No lethal effects are observed, while malformations and growth retardation slightly increase after nZn-CuO exposure. Nevertheless, these effects are smaller than those of nZnO. NP uptake by embryo tissues increase significantly with increasing NP concentrations, while no significant accumulation and adverse effects are seen after exposure to soluble Cu<sup>2+</sup> and Zn<sup>2+</sup> at the concentrations dissolved from the NPs. Key oxidative response genes are upregulated by nZn-CuO, as well as by nCuO and nZnO, suggesting the common mechanism of action. Considering the enhanced biocidal activity shown by the nanocomposite, together with the results presented in this study, we can affirm that the doping of the metal oxide nanoparticles should be considered a useful tool to engineer a safer nano-antibacterial.
Toxicity evaluation of a new Zn-doped CuO nanocomposite with highly effective antibacterial properties / P. Mantecca, E. Moschini, P. Bonfanti, U. Fascio, I. Perelshtein, A. Lipovsky, G. Chirico, R. Bacchetta, L. Del Giacco, A. Colombo, A. Gedanken. - In: TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1096-6080. - 146:1(2015 Jul), pp. 16-30.
|Titolo:||Toxicity evaluation of a new Zn-doped CuO nanocomposite with highly effective antibacterial properties|
|Parole Chiave:||Antibacterials; Metal oxide nanoparticles; Nanocomposites; Nanotoxicology; Xenopus laevis; Toxicology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfv067|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|