We have examined the regional distribution of several chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (neurocan, brevican, versican, aggrecan, phosphacan), of their glycosaminoglycan moieties, and of tenascin-R in the spinal cord of adult rat. The relationships of these molecules with glial and neuronal populations, identified with appropriate markers, were investigated by using multiple fluorescence labeling combined with confocal microscopy. The results showed that the distribution of the examined molecules was similar at all spinal cord levels but displayed area-specific differences along the dorso-ventral axis, delimiting functionally and developmentally distinct areas. In the gray matter, laminae I and II lacked perineuronal nets (PNNs) of extracellular matrix and contained low levels of chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans (CS-GAGs), brevican, and tenascin-R, possibly favoring the maintenance of local neuroplastic properties. Conversely, CS-GAGs, brevican, and phosphacan were abundant, with numerous thick PNNs, in laminae III-VIII and X. Motor neurons (lamina IX) were surrounded by PNNs that contained all molecules investigated but displayed various amounts of CS-GAGs. Double-labeling experiments showed that the presence of PNNs could not be unequivocally related to specific classes of neurons, such as motor neurons or interneurons identified by their expression of calcium-binding proteins (parvalbumin, calbindin, calretinin). However, a good correlation was found between PNNs rich in CS-GAGs and the neuronal expression of the Kv3.1b subunit of the potassium channel, a marker of fast-firing neurons. This observation confirms the correlation between the electrophysiological properties of these neurons and the specific composition of their microenvironment.
Differential expression of several extracellular matrix molecules in functionally and developmentally distinct regions of rat spinal cord / L. Vitellaro Zuccarello, Paola Bosisio, Samanta Mazzetti, Claudia Monti, S. De Biasi. - In: CELL AND TISSUE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0302-766X. - 327:3(2007), pp. 433-447.
|Titolo:||Differential expression of several extracellular matrix molecules in functionally and developmentally distinct regions of rat spinal cord|
VITELLARO ZUCCARELLO, LAURA (Primo)
DE BIASI, SILVIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans; Perineuronal nets; Potassium channel; Rat (Sprague Dawley); Tenascin-R|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-006-0289-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|