Background and Objectives The chromosome 13 deletion (Delta(13)) is one of the most frequent chromosomal alterations in multiple myeloma (MM). Delta(13) is associated with an unfavorable prognosis, although there is increasing agreement that its prognostic relevance must be related to the ploidy status and the presence of different chromosomal translocations. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of the transcriptional features of Delta(13) in MM. Design and Methods Highly purified plasma cells from 80 newly diagnosed MM patients were characterized by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and high-density oligonucleotide microarray for gene expression profiling and chromosomal alterations. Results We identified 67 differentially expressed genes in the patients with and without the chromosome 13 deletion, all of which were downregulated in the cases with Delta(13): 44 mapped along the whole chromosome 13, seven on chromosome 11 and three on chromosome 19. Functional analyses of the selected genes indicated their involvement in protein biosynthesis, ubiquitination and transcriptional regulation. An integrative genomic approach based on regional analyses of the gene expression data identified distinct chromosomal regions whose global expression modulation could differentiate Delta(13)-positive cases, in particular the upregulation of 1q21-1q42 and the downregulation of 19p and almost the entire chromosome 11. FISH analyses confirmed the close relationship between Delta(13)-positivity and the presence of extra copies of 1q21-1q42 (p=6x10(-4)) or the absence of chromosome 11 and 19 trisomy (p=5x10(-4)). Interpretation and Conclusions Our results indicate that distinct types of chromosomal aberrations are closely related to the transcriptional profiles of Delta(13)-positive cases, suggesting that the contribution of Delta(13) to the malignancy should be considered together with associated abnormalities.
|Titolo:||Integrative genomic analysis reveals distinct transcriptional and genetic features associated with 13 deletion in Multiple Myeloma|
|Parole Chiave:||multiple myeloma ; chromosome 13 deletion ; gene expression profiling ; genome wide profiling ; integrative genomics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Italian Society of Experimental Hematology|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|