Novel enantiomerically pure tetramethylbithiophene diphosphine oxides (tetraMe-BITIOPO) featuring differently substituted aromatic rings at the phosphorous atoms were synthesized, fully characterized and isolated in enantiomerically pure form. The new Lewis bases were tested as organocatalysts in two different reactions involving trichlorosilyl compounds. The introduction of electron donating substituents on the aromatic rings connected to the phosphine oxide groups positively affected the chemical and stereochemical catalytic efficiency of these ligands. The new catalysts were able to promote the allylation of aldehydes with allyltrichlorosilane in up to 76% yield and up to 86% enantiomeric excess (ee), and the direct aldol reaction to afford β-hydroxy ketones in high diastereoselectivity (up to 88:12 anti:syn ratio) and up to 72% ee.
|Titolo:||Synthesis of novel chiral bisthiophene-based phosphine oxides as Lewis bases in organocatalytic stereoselective reactions|
|Parole Chiave:||organocatalysis; biheteroaromatic diphosphine oxides; chiral Lewis bases; allylation; direct aldol addition|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1515/asorg-2015-0002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|