Abstract Proton extrusion of maize root Zea mays segments, was inhibited by the presence of Cr (o.n. + 6; present in solution as CrO42‐, Cr2O72‐) in the incubation medium: the minimum inhibiting concentration was 2 × 10−3 mol m−3 and the inhibition progressively increased with Cr concentration. Cr inhibited proton extrusion. Also, when this activity was stimulated by the presence of K+ or fusicoccin (FC) in the incubation medium, the K+ and FC stimulating effect was still present when proton extrusion was inhibited by Cr. In addition, Cr inhibited K+ uptake. This inhibition was higher (50%) at K+ concentrations up to 1 mol m−3 lower (15%) at higher K+ concentrations. This result indicates that the system responsible for K+ uptake operating at low K+ concentrations is more sensitive to Cr inhibition. Cr had no effect on transmembrane electric potential (PD). The depolarizing and hyper‐polarizing effect of K+ and FC, respectively, were not affected by Cr; but Cr enhances the depolarizing effect of the uncoupler carbonylcyanide m‐chlorophenylhydrazone (CCP). These results indicate that Cr inhibited the proton translocating mechanism coupled with K+ uptake, but did not change the net transport of charges through the plasmalemma. The Cr effect is discussed, taking into account the possibility of a direct effect of Cr at the membrane level or, alternatively, of an effect on some metabolic processes controlling membrane function.
Effects of Cr on proton extrusion,potassium uptake and transmembrane electric potential in maize root segments / P. Zaccheo, M. Cocucci, S. Cocucci. - In: PLANT, CELL AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0140-7791. - 8:9(1985), pp. 721-726.
|Titolo:||Effects of Cr on proton extrusion,potassium uptake and transmembrane electric potential in maize root segments|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-3040 ep.11611843|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|