Reference values for blood-cadmium levels (B-Cd) are available for only a limited number of geographical areas and for particular population strata (sex, age, smoking habits). This paper, in agreement with the TRACY guidelines, describes and discusses the criteria used to rank published papers on reference values for cadmium retrieved by Medline and Toxline between 1976 and 1991. The TRACY criteria deal with the grading of published papers in terms of their suitability for calculating provisional reference values. Only four out of 18 papers were considered suitable for the TRACY project. The four articles were finally used via meta-analysis to provide provisional reference values for smokers and non-smokers. The comparison of results obtained using published statistics and individual data is used to discuss the appropriateness of meta-analysis in the case of cadmium. Due to the availability of large enough studies and to the clear differences across countries, the suitability of a compound upper reference limit to B-Cd levels seems limited.
|Titolo:||Estimation of pooled reference values for cadmium in blood using meta-analysis and TRACY criteria|
|Parole Chiave:||biological indicators; blood cadmium; general population; reference values; metaanalysis; pooled estimates|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2-ago-1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0048-9697(94)90497-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|