Almond witches’-broom (AlmWB), a devastating disease of almond, peach and nectarine in Lebanon, is associated with ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’. In the present study, we generated a draft genome sequence of 'Ca. P. phoenicium' strain SA213, representative of phytoplasma strain populations from different host plants, and determined the genetic diversity among phytoplasma strain populations by phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA, groEL, tufB and inmp gene sequences. Sequence-based typing and phylogenetic analysis of the gene inmp, coding an integral membrane protein, distinguished AlmWB-associated phytoplasma strains originating from diverse host plants, whereas their 16S rRNA, tufB and groEL genes shared 100% sequence identity. Moreover, dN/dS analysis indicated positive selection acting on inmp gene. Draft genome analyses suggest a parasitism based on the import of glycerol-3-phosphate, a critical mobile inducer of plant systemic immunity. Additionally, integral membrane proteins, effector-like proteins and potential candidates for interaction with hosts were identified. One of the integral membrane proteins was predicted as BI-1, an inhibitor of apoptosis-promoting Bax factor. Bioinformatics analyses revealed the presence of putative BI-1 in draft and complete genomes of other 'Ca. Phytoplasma' species. The genetic diversity within 'Ca. P. phoenicium' strain populations in Lebanon suggested that AlmWB disease could be associated with phytoplasma strains derived from the adaptation of an original strain to diverse hosts. Moreover, the identification of BI-1 in 'Ca. P. phoenicium' draft genome and within genomes of other ‘Ca. Phytoplasma’ species suggested its potential role as a phytoplasma fitness-increasing factor by modification of the host-defense response.
|Titolo:||Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium associated with almond witches’-broom disease: insights into the strain population structure and the interactions with hosts|
QUAGLINO, FABIO (Primo)
BIANCO, PIERO ATTILIO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-set-2015|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Citazione:||Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium associated with almond witches’-broom disease: insights into the strain population structure and the interactions with hosts / F. Quaglino, M. Kube, M. Jawhari, Y. Abou-Jawdah, C. Siewert, E. Choueiri, H. Sobh, P. Casati, R. Tedeschi, M. Molino Lova, A. Alma, P.A. Bianco. ((Intervento presentato al 21. convegno Difesa delle piante per l'alimentazione e l'energia tenutosi a Torino nel 2015.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|