Lithian ferrian enstatite with Li2O = 1.39 wt% and Fe2O3 7.54 wt% was synthesised in the (MgO-Li2O-FeO-SiO2-H2O) system at P = 0.3 GPa, T = 1,000°C, fO2 = +2 <NNO< +3. The space group is Pbca, and a = 18.2113(7), b = 8.8172(3), c = 5.2050(2) Å, V = 835.79(9) Å3. The composition of the orthopyroxene was determined combining EMP, LA-ICP-MS and single-crystal XRD analysis, yielding the unit formula M2 (Mg0.59Fe0.212+Li0.20) M1(Mg0.74Fe0.203+ Fe0.062+) Si2O6. Structure refinements done on crystals obtained from synthesis runs with variable Mg-content show that the orthopyroxene is virtually constant in composition and hence in structure, whereas coexisting clinopyroxenes occurring both as individual grains or thin rims around the orthopyroxene crystals have variable amounts of Li, Fe3+ and Mg contents. Structure refinement shows that Li is ordered at the M2 site and Fe3+ is ordered at the M1 site of the orthopyroxene, whereas Mg (and Fe2+) distributes over both octahedral sites. The main geometrical variations observed for Li-rich samples are actually due to the presence of Fe3+, which affects significantly the geometry of the M1 site; changes in the geometry of the M2 site due to the lower coordination of Li are likely to affect both the degree and the kinetics of the non-convergent Fe2+ -Mg ordering process in octahedral sites.
|Titolo:||The crystal chemistry of lithium and Fe3+ in synthetic orthopyroxene|
TIEPOLO, MASSIMO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||lithium; orthopyroxene; structure refinement; synthesis; analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00269-006-0094-x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|