Monazite [(LREE)PO4], a common accessory mineral in magmatic and metamorphic rocks, is complementary to zircon in U-Th-Pb geochronology. Because the mineral can record successive growth phases it is useful for unravelling complex geological histories. A high spatial resolution is required to identify contrasted age domains that may occur at the crystal-scale. Bulk mineral techniques such as ID-TIMS, applied to single monazite grains recording multiple overgrowths or isotope resetting can result in partly scattered discordant analytical points that produce inaccurate intercept ages. Laser ablation (LA)-ICPMS has been demonstrated to be a useful technique for U-Th-Pb dating of zircons, and this study tests its analytical capabilities for dating monazite. A sector field high resolution ICPMS coupled with a 193 nm ArF excimer laser ablation microprobe is capable of achieving a high spatial resolution and producing stable and reliable isotope measurements. The U-Th-Pb systematic was applied to monazite grains from several samples: a lower Palaeozoic lens from high-grade terrains in Southern Madagascar, Neogene hydrothermal crystals from the Western Alps, a Palaeoproterozoic very high temperature granulite from central Madagascar and a Variscan leucogranite from Spain, directly on a polished thin section. The major aim was to compare and/or reproduce TIMS and EMP ages of monazite from a variety of settings and ages. The three independent Pb-206/U-238 Pb-207/U-235 and Pb-208/Th-232 ratios and ages were calculated. Isotope fractionation effects (mass bias, laser induced fractionation) were corrected using a chemically homogeneous and U-Pb concordant monazite as external standard. This study demonstrates that excimer laser ablation (ELA)-ICPMS allows U-Th-Pb dating of monazite with a high level of repeatability, accuracy and precision as well as rapidity of analysis. A spatial resolution almost comparable to that of EMP in terms of crater width (5 eta m) produced precise Pb-28/Th-232, Pb-206/U-238 and Pb-207/U-235 ratios for dating Palaeozoic to Precambrian monazites. The advantages of (ELA)-ICPMS isotope dating are precision, accuracy and the ability to detect discordance. In. the case of late Miocene hydrothermal monazites from the Alps, a larger spot size of 25 gm diameter is required, and precise and accurate ages were obtained only for Pb-208/Th-232 systematics. Results from the Variscan granite show that in situ U-Th-Pb dating of monazites with (ELA)-ICPMS is possible using a 5 mu m spot directly on thin sections, so that age data can be placed in a textural context.
|Titolo:||High resolution (5 μm) U-Th-Pb isotope dating of monazite with excimer laser ablation (ELA)-ICPMS|
TIEPOLO, MASSIMO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||ICPMS; excimer laser ablation; U-Th-Pb system; in situ dating; monazite; zircon|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.02.014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|