Starting from a clinical isolate of Serratia marcescens that produced a chromosomally encoded AmpC beta -lactamase inducibly, we isolated by stepwise selection two laboratory mutants that showed high levels of resistance to some cephalosporins. The 98R mutant apparently overproduced the unaltered beta -lactamase constitutively, but the 520R mutant produced an altered enzyme, also constitutively. Ceftazidime and cefpirome MICs for the 520R mutant were much higher (512 and 64 µg/ml, respectively) than those for the 98R mutant (16 and 16 µg/ml, respectively). Yet the MICs of cephaloridine and piperacillin for the 520R mutant were four- to eightfold lower than those for the 98R mutant. Cloning and sequencing of the ampC alleles showed that in the 520R mutant enzyme, the Thr64 residue, about two turns away from the active-site serine, was mutated to isoleucine. This resulted in a >1,000-fold increase in the catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of the mutated AmpC enzyme toward ceftazidime, whereas there was a >10-fold decrease in the efficiency of the mutant enzyme toward cefazolin and cephaloridine. The outer membrane permeability of the 520R strain to cephalosporins was also less than in the 98R strain, and the alteration of the kinetic properties of the AmpC enzyme together with this difference in permeability explained quantitatively the resistance levels of both mutant strains to most agents studied

Mutation in Serratia marcescens AmpC beta-lactamase producing high-level resistance to ceftazidime and cefpirome / A. Raimondi, F. Sisto, H. Nikaido. - In: ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 0066-4804. - 45:8(2001 Aug), pp. 2331-2339. [10.1128/AAC.45.8.2331-2339.2001]

Mutation in Serratia marcescens AmpC beta-lactamase producing high-level resistance to ceftazidime and cefpirome

A. Raimondi;F. Sisto;
2001-08

Abstract

Starting from a clinical isolate of Serratia marcescens that produced a chromosomally encoded AmpC beta -lactamase inducibly, we isolated by stepwise selection two laboratory mutants that showed high levels of resistance to some cephalosporins. The 98R mutant apparently overproduced the unaltered beta -lactamase constitutively, but the 520R mutant produced an altered enzyme, also constitutively. Ceftazidime and cefpirome MICs for the 520R mutant were much higher (512 and 64 µg/ml, respectively) than those for the 98R mutant (16 and 16 µg/ml, respectively). Yet the MICs of cephaloridine and piperacillin for the 520R mutant were four- to eightfold lower than those for the 98R mutant. Cloning and sequencing of the ampC alleles showed that in the 520R mutant enzyme, the Thr64 residue, about two turns away from the active-site serine, was mutated to isoleucine. This resulted in a >1,000-fold increase in the catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of the mutated AmpC enzyme toward ceftazidime, whereas there was a >10-fold decrease in the efficiency of the mutant enzyme toward cefazolin and cephaloridine. The outer membrane permeability of the 520R strain to cephalosporins was also less than in the 98R strain, and the alteration of the kinetic properties of the AmpC enzyme together with this difference in permeability explained quantitatively the resistance levels of both mutant strains to most agents studied
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/31535
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