Background. The ischemic damage of the sinus node (SN) is a well known cause of cardiac arrhythmias and can be a consequence of any flow abnormality in the sinus node artery (SNA). Accordingly we aimed this retrospective study to: (1) evaluate the suitability of the standard coronary angiography to study the SNA and (2) determine if the percentage of subjects with a positive retrospective history of supra-ventricular arrhythmias (SVA) differs in patients with normal and diseased SNA ascertained at the time of coronary angiography. Methods and Results. Out of the 541 coronary angiograms reviewed the SNA was visible for its entire course in 486 cases (89.8%). It was found to arise from the right side of the coronary circulation in 266 cases (54.7%) slightly more often than from the left, 219 cases (45.1%). One patient had 2 distinct SNA arising from either side of the coronary circulation. For the second objective, we studied the 333 patients with: (a) coronary artery disease (CAD), (b) properly evaluable SNA and (c) complete clinical history available. In 51 (15.3%) a SNA disease was found, 41.2% of them had a positive SVA history, mainly atrial fibrillation (AF), whereas only 7.4% of patients with a positive history of SVA could be found in the non-SNA diseased. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Conclusions. (1) The evaluation of the SNA is feasible in clinical practice during a standard coronary angiography; (2) this may be relevant since angiographically detectable SNA disease was significantly associated with a positive history of SVA.
|Titolo:||The atherosclerosis of the sinus node artery is associated with an increased history of supra-ventricular arrhythmias : a retrospective study on 541 standard coronary angiograms|
|Parole Chiave:||Atherosclerosis; Atrial fibrillation; Coronary angiography; Ischemia; Sinus node artery; Supraventricular arrhythmias|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
|Data di pubblicazione:||27-ago-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.7717/peerj.1156|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|