AIM: To evaluate temporomandibular joint (TMJ) symptoms, the functional and neuromuscular changes after surgical-orthodontic treatment of orofacial deformities with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred and twenty orthognathic patients their skeletal and dental malocclusion type, TMJ symptoms, headache, cervical and neck pain, otovestibular symptoms were evaluated. Electromyography and kinesiography were used to assess the muscular activity and the mandibular movements. RESULTS: TMJ symptoms in low and normal angle mandibular retrognatism patients have improved (p<0.01). Almost all craniomandibular symptoms were significantly reduced postoperatively; above all muscular spasms (96%) and headache (61%), (P<0.01); mandibular kinesology (81%) was improved (P<0.01). Cervical pain, otovestibular and postural symptoms also seemed to improve after surgery. Post-operative TMD occurred in (8.8%) of patients even if they were previously asymptomatic (P<0.1). A new occurrence of TMD was highest for high angle patients with severe mandibular retrognathism, treated by bimaxillary surgery. CONCLUSION: Combined surgical-orthodontic treatment may be of a great benefit for correction of discrepancies of the occlusion and maxillo-mandibular relationships, particularly in patients with TMD. Conversely orthognathic surgery can produce TMJ symptoms by changing the position of the mandible and the maxilla and thus the position of the condyle in the glenoid fossa. Mandibular ramus osteotomies have a direct influence on this position, whilst in maxillary osteotomies the influence is indirect because of autorotation.
|Titolo:||Temporomandibular joint symptoms before and after orthognathic surgery|
GARAGIOLA, UMBERTO (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2014|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Citazione:||Temporomandibular joint symptoms before and after orthognathic surgery / U. Garagiola, E. del Rosso, G. Farronato. ((Intervento presentato al 90. convegno Congress of the European Orthodontic Society (EOS) tenutosi a Warsaw nel 2014.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|