Microscopic cones have been observed on titanium cathodes of sputter-ion pumps (SIPs) after pump operation. The cones were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray analysis. Size and morphology of these cones are clearly correlated with the nature and the relative amount of each gas species pumped by each SIP during its working life. In particular, their growth was found to be fed by sputtering mechanisms, mostly during Ar pumping, and to be driven by the electromagnetic field applied to the Penning cells of each SIP. Experimental findings suggest that the formation and extent of such conic structures on cathode surfaces might play a leading role in the onset of phenomena typically related to the functioning of SIPs, e.g., the so-called argon instability.
Growth of microscopic cones on titanium cathodes of sputter-ion pumps driven by sorption of large argon quantities / T. Porcelli, F. Siviero, G.A. Bongiorno, P. Michelato, C. Pagani. - In: JOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. A. VACUUM, SURFACES, AND FILMS. - ISSN 0734-2101. - 33:5(2015), p. 05E109.05E109.
|Titolo:||Growth of microscopic cones on titanium cathodes of sputter-ion pumps driven by sorption of large argon quantities|
PORCELLI, TOMMASO (Corresponding)
PAGANI, CARLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||metal-surfaces; whisker growth; anode|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-IND/22 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.4922575|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|