Silver nanoparticles are toxic both in vitro and in vivo. We have investigated the possibility to exploit the cytotoxic potential of silver nanoparticles in T24 bladder carcinoma cells using both bare and PolyVinylPyrrolidone-coated silver nanoparticles. We show that the two types of silver nanoparticles promote morphological changes and cytoskeletal disorganization, are cytotoxic and induce cell death. These effects are due to the increased production of reactive oxygen species which are responsible, at least in part, for the sustained activation of ERK1/2. Indeed, both cytotoxicity and ERK1/2 activation are prevented by exposing the cells to the anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine. Also blocking the ERK1/2 pathway with the MEK inhibitor PD98059 protects the cells from nanoparticles' cytotoxicity. Our findings suggest that ERK activation plays a role in silver nanoparticle-mediated cytotoxicity in T24 cells.
|Titolo:||Silver Nanoparticles-induced Cytotoxicity Requires Erk Activation In Human Bladder Carcinoma Cells|
|Parole Chiave:||Bladder cancer cell; Cytotoxicity; ERK; Reactive oxygen species; Silver nanoparticles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.toxlet.2015.06.1707|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|