Thermodn. of irreversible processes is taken as the phenomenol. starting point for the description of macroscopic systems in quantum mechanics and state parameters, which are amenable to be attributed an objective meaning, are introduced inside non relativistic quantum field theory when the macroscopic system is locally at equil. Conditions for these state parameters to obey a deterministic time evolution are indicated and discussed. The formalism is developed also considering the case of more component systems and bound states. The situation in which the deterministic dynamics of the state parameters breaks down is also envisaged and it is argued that in this case a stochastic generalisation of the theory is called for. First attempts in this direction are outlined, naturally leading to a rooting of the concept of microsystem inside both quantum theory and an objective phenomenol. context.

Macro-objectivation: a challenge in quantum field theory / L. Lanz, F. Belgiorno, B. Vacchini (AIP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS). - In: Quantum Mechanics[s.l] : American Institute of Physics, 2006. - ISBN 0-7354-0337-6. - pp. 228-248 [10.1063/1.2219365]

Macro-objectivation: a challenge in quantum field theory

L. Lanz
Primo
;
F. Belgiorno
Secondo
;
B. Vacchini
Ultimo
2006

Abstract

Thermodn. of irreversible processes is taken as the phenomenol. starting point for the description of macroscopic systems in quantum mechanics and state parameters, which are amenable to be attributed an objective meaning, are introduced inside non relativistic quantum field theory when the macroscopic system is locally at equil. Conditions for these state parameters to obey a deterministic time evolution are indicated and discussed. The formalism is developed also considering the case of more component systems and bound states. The situation in which the deterministic dynamics of the state parameters breaks down is also envisaged and it is argued that in this case a stochastic generalisation of the theory is called for. First attempts in this direction are outlined, naturally leading to a rooting of the concept of microsystem inside both quantum theory and an objective phenomenol. context.
Foundations of quantum mechanics; Macro-objectivation; Nonequilibrium thermodynamics; Quantum field theory
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/30839
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