During slow wave sleep the main activity of cortical neurons consists of synchronous and rhythmic alternations of the membrane potential between depolarized and hyperpolarized values. The latter are long-lasting (200-600 ms) periods of silence. The mechanisms responsible for this periodical interruption of cortical network activity are unknown. Here we report a decrease of approximately 20% in the extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca](out)) progressively taking place in the cortex between the onset and the offset of the depolarizing phase of the slow sleep oscillation. Since [Ca](out) exerts a high gain modulation of synaptic transmission, we estimated the associated transmitter release probability and found a corresponding 50% drop. Thus the periods of silence occurring in the cortical network during slow wave sleep are promoted by recurrent [Ca](out) depletions.
|Titolo:||Extracellular calcium fluctuations and intracellular potentials in the cortex during the slow sleep oscillation|
MASSIMINI, MARCELLO (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|