There has been much recent interest in the presence and biological functions of growth regulators in invertebrates. In spite of the different distribution patterns of these molecules in different phyla (from molluscs, insects, and annelids to echinoderms and tunicates), they seem always to be extensively involved in developmental processes, both embryonic and regenerative. Echinoderms are well known for their striking regenerative potential and many can completely regenerate arms that, for example, are lost following self-induced or traumatic amputation. Thus, they provide a valuable experimental model for the study of regenerative processes from the macroscopic to the molecular level. In crinoids as well as probably all ophiuroids, regeneration is rapid and occurs by means of a mechanism that involves blastema formation, known as epimorphosis, where the new tissues arise from undifferentiated cells. In asteroids, morphallaxis is the mechanism employed, replacement cells being derived from existing tissues following differentiation and (or) transdifferentiation. This paper focuses on the possible contribution of neurohormones and growth factors during both repair and regenerative processes. Three different classes of regulatory molecules are proposed as plausible candidates for growth-promoting factors in regeneration: neurotransmitters (monoamines), neuropeptides (substance P, SALMFamides 1 and 2), and growth-factor-like molecules (TGF-beta (transforming growth factor beta), NGF (nerve growth factor), RGF-2 (basic fibroblast growth factor)).
|Titolo:||Regeneration neurohormones and growth factors in echinoderms|
CANDIA, MARIA DANIELA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1139/cjz-79-7-1171|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|