PURPOSE: To analyze the time-dependent prognostic role of the investigated variables, considered, when appropriate, on a continuous scale, for the purpose of evaluating and describing the interrelationships between clinically relevant patient and tumor characteristics (age, size and histology, and estrogen receptor [ER] and progesterone receptor content) and the risk of new disease manifestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We applied a flexible statistical model to a case series of 1,793 patients with axillary lymph node-negative breast cancer with a minimal potential follow-up of 10 years. To avoid a potential confounding effect of adjuvant treatment, only patients given local-regional therapy until relapse were considered. RESULTS: ER content and tumor size (adjusted for all the other covariates) showed a time-dependent relationship with the risk of new disease manifestations. In particular, ER content failed to show a prognostic effect within the first years of follow-up; thereafter, a positive association with risk of relapse was observed. For tumor size, within the first years of follow-up, the risk of relapse was directly related to size for only tumors up to 2.5 cm in diameter; thereafter, the impact on prognosis progressively decreased. CONCLUSION: The availability of a long follow-up on a large breast cancer series, as well as the use of innovative statistical approaches, allowed us to explore the functional relation between steroid receptors and clinical outcome and to generate a hypothesis on the involvement of ER in favoring long-term metastasis development.
|Titolo:||Time-dependent relevance of steroid receptors in breast cancer|
MARUBINI, ETTORE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1200/JCO.2000.18.14.2702|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|