The accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for assessment of coronary stents is as yet unproven and radiation exposure has been a concern. The aim of our study is to compare radiation dose and diagnostic performance of CT with prospective ECG-triggering versus retrospective ECG-triggering for the detection of in-stent restenosis (ISR). We enrolled 168 consecutive patients with suspected ISR, 83 studied using CT with prospective ECG-triggering (group 1) and 85 using retrospective ECG-triggering (group 2). Prevalence of ISR according to catheter angiography was 24% in both groups. The overall evaluability was similar (93% in group 1 vs 95% in group 2). Artefact sub-analysis showed a significantly lower number of blooming and higher number of slice misalignment in group 1 vs group 2. In the stent-based analysis using only evaluable stents, specificity, positive predictive value and accuracy were significantly higher in group 1 (100%, 100% and 99%, respectively) than in group 2 (97%, 91% and 95%, respectively, p < 0.05). Group 1 was exposed to a lower radiation dose compared with group 2 (4.3 +/- 1.4 mSv vs 18.5 +/- 5.5 mSv, p < 00.1). CT with prospective ECG-triggering can improve diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive imaging of coronary stents with a significant reduction in radiation exposure.
|Titolo:||High diagnostic accuracy of prospective ECG-gating 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography for the detection of in-stent restenosis|
|Parole Chiave:||Computed tomography; Coronary stents; Radiation dose; Invasive coronary angiography; In-stent restenosis; Coronary arteries|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00330-011-2085-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|