Background Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to be the best reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction with ST-elevation (STEM, but data from registries show differences in patient populations and outcomes between randomized trials and real life. Objectives We sought to provide information about the current status of this treatment with a registry collecting data in Lombardy, the most densely populated region in Italy, with widespread availability of cathlabs and a well-established network for the treatment of STEMI. Methods and results Patient enrolment was performed by 32 hub centres recruiting 3901 STEMI patients who underwent PCI procedures within 12 h of the onset of symptoms, of whom 331 7 patients underwent primary PCI, 376 'facilitated' PCI, and 208 rescue PCI in cathlabs located, in 77% of cases, in the same hospital of admission. Inhospital and 30-day total death were 4.4 and 6.6%, respectively. At multivariate analysis independent negative predictors of 30-day mortality were Killip class 3-4, number of involved ECG leads, chronic renal failure and age, whereas positive predictors were ST resolution more than 50% and postprocedural grade 3 thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow. Conclusions LombardIMA PCI registry enrolled STEMI patients representing a real-world population treated with PCI. Findings presented in this study may provide a benchmark for similar registries undertaken in other Italian regions and may be helpful to assess future possible developments of care for STEMI patients.
|Titolo:||LombardIMA: a regional registry for coronary angioplasty in ST-elevation myocardial infarction|
|Parole Chiave:||acute coronary syndromes; acute myocardial infarction; primary angioplasty; registries|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.2459/JCM.0b013e328340334d|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|