An immunological comparison of three different third companions (abacavir [ABC], efavirenz [EFV], ritonavir-boosted indinavir [IDVr]) on a backbone of either zidovudine plus didanosine (AZT/ddI) or zidovudine plus lamivudine (AZT/3TC) was performed in 76 HIV-infected, advanced-naive patients. Baseline median CD4 count and viremia were 217/microL and 238,301 copies/mL, respectively. Immunologic parameters were measured at baseline and after months of therapy. By the end of the study, 36 patients (mostly in the protease inhibitor [PI]-containing arms) had dropped out of the study; 22/36 cases of drop out were due to tolerability issues. All regimens resulted in increases in CD4 counts, with the most solid changes seen in patients using ABC as a third companion. Median HIV plasma viremia at month 12 was <50 copies/mL, and viremia was undetectable in 26/38 patients (68%). At the end of the study period, HIV antigen- and mitogen-stimulated proliferation overall was better in patients using either of the PI-boosted third companions. In these patients, the strongest down-modulation of activation marker-bearing cells was also observed. Finally, CD8+/28-/CD45RA+ lymphocytes (effector cells) were increased in all groups of patients with the exception of individuals receiving PI-boosted therapies. Results of this pilot study, although very preliminary, suggest that different combinations of antivirals result in a range of effects on immune cell functions. The clinical implications of these results need to be further analyzed in follow-up studies and in larger cohorts of patients.
|Titolo:||An immunological comparison of third companion in advanced drug-naive HIV-infected patients|
TRABATTONI, DARIA LUCIA (Secondo)
CLERICI, MARIO SALVATORE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1310/hct0705-221|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|