An immunological comparison of three different third companions (abacavir [ABC], efavirenz [EFV], ritonavir-boosted indinavir [IDVr]) on a backbone of either zidovudine plus didanosine (AZT/ddI) or zidovudine plus lamivudine (AZT/3TC) was performed in 76 HIV-infected, advanced-naive patients. Baseline median CD4 count and viremia were 217/microL and 238,301 copies/mL, respectively. Immunologic parameters were measured at baseline and after months of therapy. By the end of the study, 36 patients (mostly in the protease inhibitor [PI]-containing arms) had dropped out of the study; 22/36 cases of drop out were due to tolerability issues. All regimens resulted in increases in CD4 counts, with the most solid changes seen in patients using ABC as a third companion. Median HIV plasma viremia at month 12 was <50 copies/mL, and viremia was undetectable in 26/38 patients (68%). At the end of the study period, HIV antigen- and mitogen-stimulated proliferation overall was better in patients using either of the PI-boosted third companions. In these patients, the strongest down-modulation of activation marker-bearing cells was also observed. Finally, CD8+/28-/CD45RA+ lymphocytes (effector cells) were increased in all groups of patients with the exception of individuals receiving PI-boosted therapies. Results of this pilot study, although very preliminary, suggest that different combinations of antivirals result in a range of effects on immune cell functions. The clinical implications of these results need to be further analyzed in follow-up studies and in larger cohorts of patients.

An immunological comparison of third companion in advanced drug-naive HIV-infected patients / G. Rizzardini, D.L. Trabattoni, A. Capetti, E. Castelletti, M. Migliorino, R. Panebianco, M. Pacei, T. Quirino, M.S. Clerici. - In: HIV CLINICAL TRIALS. - ISSN 1528-4336. - 7:5(2006 Sep), pp. 221-228. [10.1310/hct0705-221]

An immunological comparison of third companion in advanced drug-naive HIV-infected patients

D.L. Trabattoni
Secondo
;
E. Castelletti;M. Pacei;M.S. Clerici
Ultimo
2006-09

Abstract

An immunological comparison of three different third companions (abacavir [ABC], efavirenz [EFV], ritonavir-boosted indinavir [IDVr]) on a backbone of either zidovudine plus didanosine (AZT/ddI) or zidovudine plus lamivudine (AZT/3TC) was performed in 76 HIV-infected, advanced-naive patients. Baseline median CD4 count and viremia were 217/microL and 238,301 copies/mL, respectively. Immunologic parameters were measured at baseline and after months of therapy. By the end of the study, 36 patients (mostly in the protease inhibitor [PI]-containing arms) had dropped out of the study; 22/36 cases of drop out were due to tolerability issues. All regimens resulted in increases in CD4 counts, with the most solid changes seen in patients using ABC as a third companion. Median HIV plasma viremia at month 12 was <50 copies/mL, and viremia was undetectable in 26/38 patients (68%). At the end of the study period, HIV antigen- and mitogen-stimulated proliferation overall was better in patients using either of the PI-boosted third companions. In these patients, the strongest down-modulation of activation marker-bearing cells was also observed. Finally, CD8+/28-/CD45RA+ lymphocytes (effector cells) were increased in all groups of patients with the exception of individuals receiving PI-boosted therapies. Results of this pilot study, although very preliminary, suggest that different combinations of antivirals result in a range of effects on immune cell functions. The clinical implications of these results need to be further analyzed in follow-up studies and in larger cohorts of patients.
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
http://thomasland.metapress.com/app/home/contribution.asp?referrer=parent&backto=issue,1,7;journal,4,41;linkingpublicationresults,1:300380,1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/29614
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