Radionuclides released during an accident can be transported over long distances, before they are deposited by fallout on vegetation and soil. Such an event occurred after the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 where extensive fallout of various long- and short lived radionuclides was observable in many European countries, including Italy. The resulting contamination of the vegetation has decreased due to radioactive decay and weathering. Longer lived radionuclides, however, are still present in the soil and are taken up by plants via their roots. In particular 137Cs that is one of the most important contaminants because of its long half life, affinity for biological system and its uptake to man through diet. In March 2011 Fukushima accident contributed with new input in the atmosphere of contaminants: a cloud containing radioactivity was formed in air over Fukushima nuclear power plant NPP, moved over the Pacific Ocean in the direction of the Arctic Ocean, enter in the Atlantic Ocean and diffused over the European continent. The transferred radioactivity was detectable all over the word: many laboratories started measurements and presented results on the fallout from the Fukushima nuclear accident1. Also in Italy were made a series of measurements of the fission product radionuclides in different regions and places. In particular our research group was focused on measurements of radioactivity present in air, water, snow, soil, grass and milk in Milano and Monte Rosa region. In fresh goat and cow milk produced and collected in a farm at a village in Anzasca valley near Macugnaga (rural area), in Monte Rosa mountain at 500 m height in the period April to July 2011 were found small values of concentration of 131I and 137Cs. The 134Cs/137Cs activity ratios can reveal information on radioisotope origin. The relative high activity concentrations of 137Cs and the very low values of the activity ratio of 134Cs/137Cs, in combination with the absence of 134Cs in most of the cases indicate a strong contribution from “older” 137Cs, probably from the Chernobyl accident and past global fallout and not from Fukushima accident. After these preliminary results we start on January 2013 a campaign in order to continue to monitor this area and have some reference data of radiocaesium concentration level due to different fallouts. Some measurements were conducted in order to to find a correlation between the 137Cs concentration values and the animals pasture and environments which are utilized for food production (due to the pathway: fodderanimalmilk). Finally the results of the two time series of collected data will be presented and discussed with some considerations dealing with the effects on the public health.
CESIUM-137 CONTENT IN MILK - MONITORING AFTER FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENT / F. Groppi, S. Manenti, M. L. Bonardi, L. Gini, A. Ioannidou - In: Program & Abstract Book "4th International Nuclear Chemistry Congress - 4th INCC"São Paulo, Brazil : Marina B. A. Vasconcellos, 2014 Sep. - pp. 315-315 (( Intervento presentato al 4. convegno 4th International Nuclear Chemistry Congress - 4th INCC tenutosi a Maresias, São Paulo, Brazil nel 2014.
|Titolo:||CESIUM-137 CONTENT IN MILK - MONITORING AFTER FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENT|
GROPPI GARLANDINI, FLAVIA MARIA (Primo)
MANENTI, SIMONE (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cs-137; Fukushima accident; Nuclear Power Plant; Chernobyl accident;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2014|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|