This study investigated growth performance, and carcass and raw ham quality of pigs from 4 genetic groups (GG), ANAS (A), DanBred (D), Goland (G) and Topig (T), fed conventional (CONV) or low-protein (LP) diets. In each of 3 trials, 96 pigs were housed in 8 pens in groups of 12 on the basis of their GG, sex (gilts and barrows), and BW. Each pen was assigned a CONV or LP diet. The CONV diets in early (89-120. kg BW) and late (121-165. kg BW) finishing contained 13.1 and 13.2. MJ/kg of ME, 147 and 132. g. CP/kg, and 6.0 and 4.4. g/kg of standardized ileal digestible (SID) lysine, respectively. The LP diets in early and late finishing contained only 119 and 103. g/kg of CP, and 4.8 and 3.5. g/kg of SID lysine, respectively. Restricted feed allowance was increased on a weekly basis from 2.3 to 3.2. kg/d during the experiment. Automated feeding stations measured individual feed intake, and pigs were weighed at 3-weeks intervals until slaughter. Hot carcass was weighed and dissected into lean and fat primal cuts. After 24. h of chilling, hams were dressed, weighed, and scored for roundness (0 = low to 4 = high), fat cover thickness (-4 = thin to 4 = thick), marbling (0 = absent to 4 = evident), lean color (-4 = pale to 4 = dark), bicolor and veining (0 = absent to 4 = evident). In addition, ham backfat thickness was measured with a ruler. Dietary CP reduction did not influence final BW (166. kg), daily gain (0.67. kg/d), carcass weight (136. kg) or yield (0.82), but reduced feed efficiency by 5.2% (P <. 0.001). Irrespective of GG, the reduction in protein supply increased fat cover depth (P <. 0.001) and marbling (P = 0.009) of hams, but did not influence other traits. Compared to A, hams from D were heavier (+6.4%; P <. 0.001), and had a thinner cover fat (19.4 vs 24.8. mm, P = 0.001), a greater marbling score (2.05 vs 1.44 points; P <. 0.001) and a paler lean color (-0.61 vs 0.34 points; P <. 0.001). Ham quality of A, G and T was comparable, but the marbling score of T was higher and similar to that of D. The use of low-protein diets would reduce the environmental impact of heavy pig production with some improvement in ham quality (> subcutaneous fat depth), although increased marbling is expected. They should preferably be used with GGs that have low marbling scores under conventional conditions.
|Titolo:||Growth performance, and carcass and raw ham quality of crossbred heavy pigs from four genetic groups fed low protein diets for dry-cured ham production|
|Parole Chiave:||Carcass; Dry-cured ham; Growth; Low-protein diets; Pig; Animal Science and Zoology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale|
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.07.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|