Fluconazole (FLUCO) is an azole derivative used to treat fungal and yeast infections. Embryotoxicity tests on the ascidian Phallusia mammillata were performed to evaluate the effects of this drug. FLUCO proved to have strong consequences on P. mammillata development. Incidence of malformations and of lethality increased in a dose dependent way. Probit analysis showed that FLUCO had a high TI value (Teratogenic Index, LC50/TC50), thus this substance could be classified as a teratogenic compound for ascidians. Larvae exposed to FLUCO showed a typical phenotype characterized by malformations restricted to the trunk region: the trunk appeared round in shape with flat palps, the sensory vesicle cavity was absent or reduced and the anterior central nervous system failed to correctly differentiate. These anomalies resulted similar to those induced by retinoic acid (RA) treatment. Thus, it could be hypothesized that FLUCO and RA may act with a similar pathogenic mechanism in ascidian larvae, as it has been proposed for mammals.
|Titolo:||Fluconazole induces teratogenic effects in the tunicate Phallusia mammillata|
PENNATI, ROBERTA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||ascidian; embryotoxicity; chordate; antimycotic; azole; retinoic acid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.etap.2006.11.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|