Despite the major contributions provided over fifty years ago by A.J. Arkell and J.D. Tothill to our understanding of late Quaternary environments and prehistoric occupation near the confluence of the Blue and White Nile in central Sudan, three key questions have remained unresolved since then. (a) Was the decline in Nile flood levels from early Holocene times onwards caused by a reduction in Nile discharge, or by channel incision, or both? (b) Was the regional climate wetter during times of high Nile floods and drier during times of low Nile floods? (c) Given the high degree of disturbance of Mesolithic and later prehistoric sites, is it possible to identify primary-context, stratified and undisturbed occupation? Drawing upon dated evidence from three sites to the east of and three to the west of the lower White Nile, we provide a qualified answer to the first question and documented affirmative answers to the second and third questions.
|Titolo:||Late Quaternary environments and prehistoric occupation in the lower White Nile valley, central Sudan|
|Parole Chiave:||Climate change; Dunes; Holocene; Lakes; Mesolithic; Neolithic; Quaternary; Sudan; White Nile|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/04 - Geografia Fisica e Geomorfologia|
Settore L-ANT/01 - Preistoria e Protostoria
|Data di pubblicazione:||11-apr-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|