In a significant number of cases (25-81%) immunosuppressant treatment with cyclosporin A (CsA) is associated with gingival overgrowth, seriously interfering with the functions of mastication and speech. In CsA-induced gingival enlargement, quantitative modifications of the extracellular matrix components occur, and collagen (COL) metabolism and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been suggested as being the main targets. Since the mechanisms at the basis of CsA-induced gingival overgrowth are not yet completely understood, our aim was to analyze the effect of CsA on COL turnover in cultured human gingival fibroblasts. Cultured human gingival fibroblasts from four healthy volunteers were incubated with CsA (800 ng/ml) or with its vehicle (VH) for variable intervals of time (24, 48, 72 h). Fibroblast morphology was studied by light and electron microscope. Collagen type I (COL-I), MMP-1, MMP-2, TIMP-1 and TGF-beta1 mRNA were determined by RT-PCR; COL-I and MMP-1 by dot blot, and MMP-2 by zymography. Our results evidenced an up-regulation of COL-I and TGF-beta1 gene expression 72 h after CsA treatment. MMP-1, MMP-2 and TIMP-1 mRNA levels are affected but not significantly. Protein analysis revealed COL-I increase at all the considered times and, 72 h after CsA treatment, reduced collagenolytic levels. Our data suggest that COL accumulation during CsA-induced gingival overgrowth may be mainly sustained by an altered COL-I degradation due to decreased MMP-1 activity. However, interindividual differences of collagenase levels after CsA treatment suggest that a genetic predisposition to develop gingival overgrowth may be relevant.
Effect of cyclosporin A on human gingival fibroblast collagen turnover in relation to the development of gingival overgrowth : an in vitro study / N. Gagliano, C. Moscheni, C. Dellavia, C. Torri, G. Stabellini, V.F. Ferrario, M. Gioia. - In: BIOMÉDECINE & PHARMACOTHÉRAPIE. - ISSN 0753-3322. - 58:4(2004 May), pp. 231-238.
|Titolo:||Effect of cyclosporin A on human gingival fibroblast collagen turnover in relation to the development of gingival overgrowth : an in vitro study|
GAGLIANO, NICOLETTA (Primo)
MOSCHENI, CLAUDIA (Secondo)
FERRARIO, VIRGILIO FERRUCCIO (Penultimo)
GIOIA, MAGDA ENRICA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||COL; collagen; Collagen turnover; Cyclosporin A; ECM; extracellular matrix; Gingival overgrowth; Matrix metalloproteinases; matrix metalloproteinases; MMP; TIMP; tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/17 - Istologia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2003.12.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|