BACKGROUND: Cyclospora is a protistan parasite that causes enteritis in several species of animals including humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of Cyclospora in captive non-human primates. METHODS: A total of 119 faecal samples from Pan troglodytes, Macaca sylvanus, Cercopithecus cephus, Erythrocebus patas, Chlorocebus aethiops and Macaca fascicularis from a wildlife animal rescue center as well as from Macaca fascicularis from an experimental primate research center were tested for the presence of Cyclospora by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. RESULTS: Cyclospora was detected in three Pan troglodytes (13.6%) and nine (9.3%) Macaca fascicularis. CONCLUSIONS: The present study represents the first record of Cyclospora in captive primates in Europe, suggesting the presence of Cyclospora cayetanensis, which is transmissible to humans.
|Titolo:||Detection of cyclospora in captive chimpanzees and macaques by a quantitative PCR-based mutation scanning approach|
|Parole Chiave:||Cyclospora; Genetic characterization; Mutation scanning-based sequencing; Non-human primates; Zoonosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1186/s13071-015-0872-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|