Often changes in gene expression levels have been considered significant only when above/ below some arbitrarily chosen threshold. We investigated the effect of applying a purely statistical approach to microarray analysis and demonstrated that small changes in gene expression have biological significance. Whole genome microarray analysis of a pde2Delta mutant, constructed in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae reference strain FY23, revealed altered expression of similar to 11% of protein encoding genes. The mutant, characterized by constitutive activation of the Ras/ cAMP pathway, has increased sensitivity to stress, reduced ability to assimilate nonfermentable carbon sources, and some cell wall integrity defects. Applying the Munich Information Centre for Protein Sequences ( MIPS) functional categories revealed increased expression of genes related to ribosome biogenesis and downregulation of genes in the cell rescue, defense, cell death and aging category, suggesting a decreased response to stress conditions. A reduced level of gene expression in the unfolded protein response pathway ( UPR) was observed. Cell wall genes whose expression was affected by this mutation were also identified. Several of the cAMP- responsive orphan genes, upon further investigation, revealed cell wall functions; others had previously unidentified phenotypes assigned to them. This investigation provides a statistical global transcriptome analysis of the cellular response to constitutive activation of the Ras/ cAMP pathway.
|Titolo:||Transcriptome profiling of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant with a constitutively activated Ras/cAMP pathway|
|Parole Chiave:||constitutive activation of PKA by PDE2 deletion ; Ras/cAMP pathway ; cell wall integrity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-ott-2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|