We consider a system of particles interacting via a purely repulsive, soft-core potential recently introduced to model effective pair interactions between dendrimers, which is expected to lead to the formation of crystals with multiple occupancy of the lattice sites. The phase diagram is investigated by density-functional theory (DFT) without making any a priori assumption on the functional form of the density profile or on the type of crystal lattice. As the average density rho is increased, the system displays first a transition from a fluid to a bcc phase, and subsequently to hcp and fcc phases. In the inhomogeneous region, the behavior is that found in previous investigations of this class of cluster-forming potentials. Specifically, the particles arrange into clusters strongly localized at the lattice sites, and the lattice constant depends very weakly on rho, leading to an occupancy number of the sites which is a nearly linear function of rho. These results are compared to those predicted by the more widespread approach, in which the DFT minimization is carried out by representing the density profile by a given functional form depending on few variational parameters. We find that for the model potential studied here, the latter approach recovers most of the predictions of the unconstrained minimization.
|Titolo:||A density-functional theory investigation of cluster formation in an effective-potential model of dendrimers|
PINI, DAVIDE ENRICO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||cluster formation; dendrimers; soft-core interactions; density-functional theory|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|