Purpose. The aims of this study were to assess the treatment outcome of immediately loaded full-arch fixed bridges anchored to both tilted and axially placed implants in the edentulous maxilla and to evaluate the incidence of biological and prosthetic complications. Materials and Methods. Thirty-four patients (18 women and 16 men) were included in the study. Each patient received a maxillary full-arch fixed bridge supported by two axial implants and two distal tilted implants. A total of 136 implants were inserted. Loading was applied within 48 hours of surgery and definitive restorations were placed 4 to 6 months later. Patients were scheduled for followup at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months and annually up to 5 years. At each followup plaque level and bleeding scores were assessed and every complication was recorded. Results. The overall follow-up range was 12 to 73 months (mean 38.8 months). No implant failures were recorded to date, leading to a cumulative implant survival rate of 100. Biological complications were recorded such as alveolar mucositis (11.8 patients), peri-implantitis (5.9 patients), and temporomandibular joint pain (5.9 patients). The most common prosthetic complications were the fracture or detachment of one or multiple acrylic teeth in both the temporary (20.6 patients) and definitive (17.7 patients) prosthesis and the minor acrylic fractures in the temporary (14.7 patients) and definitive (2.9 patients) prosthesis. Hygienic complications occurred in 38.2 patients. No patients' dissatisfactions were recorded. Conclusions. The high cumulative implant survival rate indicates that this technique could be considered a viable treatment option. An effective recall program is important to early intercept and correct prosthetic and biologic complications in order to avoid implant and prosthetic failures.
|Titolo:||Tilted implants for full-arch rehabilitations in completely edentulous maxilla : a retrospective study|
|Parole Chiave:||Dentistry (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Centro di ricerca:||Centro di Ricerca in Implantologia Orale|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1155/2012/180379|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|