There is accumulating evidence of altered antioxidant enzyme activities and increased levels of lipid peroxidation in schizophrenia. Free radical-mediated abnormalities may contribute to specific aspects of schizophrenic symptomatology and complications of its treatment. However, few studies have evaluated both antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in the same schizophrenic patient groups treated with typical or atypical antipsychotics. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities were analyzed using established procedures in 92 medicated schizophrenia including paranoid (n = 34), disorganized (n = 18) and residual subtypes (n = 40), as well as in control subjects (n = 50). The results showed that activities of SOD and GSH-Px were decreased but levels of MDA were elevated in patients with a chronic form of schizophrenia as compared with normal controls. SOD and GSH-Px activities were found to be significantly lower in paranoid and residual subtypes compared to both disorganized subtype and the control group. MDA levels were significantly higher in all subtypes compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in any parameters measured among all three subgroups treated with clozapine (n = 44), risperidone (n = 20) and typical antipsychotics (n = 28). Additionally, a significantly higher MDA levels, but a significantly lower CAT activity was noted in female than male patients. These results suggest that oxidative stress may be implicated in the pathophysiology of all subtypes of schizophrenia, which may contribute to the increased membrane lipid peroxidation. Long-term treatments with typical and atypical antipsychotics may produce the similar effects on the antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation.

Dream and psychosis / I. Limosani, M.L. Manzone, O. Gambini, I. Kantzas, A. D'Agostino, L. Boccalari, S. Scarone. - In: SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH. - ISSN 0920-9964. - 81:Suppl. 1(2006 Jan), pp. 291-291. ((Intervento presentato al 13. convegno Biennal Winter worshop on Schizophrenia research tenutosi a Davos nel 2006.

Dream and psychosis

I. Limosani;M.L. Manzone;O. Gambini;A. D'Agostino;L. Boccalari;S. Scarone
2006

Abstract

There is accumulating evidence of altered antioxidant enzyme activities and increased levels of lipid peroxidation in schizophrenia. Free radical-mediated abnormalities may contribute to specific aspects of schizophrenic symptomatology and complications of its treatment. However, few studies have evaluated both antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in the same schizophrenic patient groups treated with typical or atypical antipsychotics. Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) activities were analyzed using established procedures in 92 medicated schizophrenia including paranoid (n = 34), disorganized (n = 18) and residual subtypes (n = 40), as well as in control subjects (n = 50). The results showed that activities of SOD and GSH-Px were decreased but levels of MDA were elevated in patients with a chronic form of schizophrenia as compared with normal controls. SOD and GSH-Px activities were found to be significantly lower in paranoid and residual subtypes compared to both disorganized subtype and the control group. MDA levels were significantly higher in all subtypes compared to the control group. There were no significant differences in any parameters measured among all three subgroups treated with clozapine (n = 44), risperidone (n = 20) and typical antipsychotics (n = 28). Additionally, a significantly higher MDA levels, but a significantly lower CAT activity was noted in female than male patients. These results suggest that oxidative stress may be implicated in the pathophysiology of all subtypes of schizophrenia, which may contribute to the increased membrane lipid peroxidation. Long-term treatments with typical and atypical antipsychotics may produce the similar effects on the antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation.
Antioxidant enzymes; Antipsychotics; Free radicals; Lipid peroxidation; Oxidative stress; Psychopathology; Schizophrenia
Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria
gen-2006
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/27336
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