In the prone position, CT-scan densities redistribute from dorsal to ventral as the dorsal region tends to re-expand while the ventral zone tends to collapse. Although gravitational influence is similar in both positions, dorsal recruitment usually prevails over ventral de-recruitment, due to the need for the lung and its confining chest wall to conform to the same volume. The final result of proning is that the overall lung inflation is more homogeneous from dorsal to ventral than in the supine position with more homogeneously distributed stress and strain. As the distribution of perfusion remains nearly constant in both postures, proning usually improves oxygenation. Animal experiments clearly show that prone positioning delays or prevents ventilation-induced lung injury, likely due in large part to more homogeneously distributed stress and strain. Over the last 15 years, five major trials have been conducted to compare prone and supine position in ARDS regarding survival advantage. The sequence of trials enrolled patients who were progressively more hypoxemic, exposure to prone position was extended from 8 to 17 hours/day, and lung protective ventilation was more rigorously applied. Single patient and meta-analyses drawing from the four major trials showed significant survival benefit in patients with PaO2/FiO2 lower than 100. The latest PROSEVA trial confirmed these benefits in a formal randomized study. The bulk of data indicates that in severe ARDS, carefully performed prone positioning offers an absolute survival advantage of 10-17%, making this intervention highly recommended in this specific population subset.
|Titolo:||Prone position, a definite place|
GATTINONI, LUCIANO (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-apr-2015|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Citazione:||Prone position, a definite place / L. Gattinoni. ((Intervento presentato al 12. convegno Annual Critical Care Symposium tenutosi a Manchester nel 2015.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|