The majority of cellular responses to changing environmental conditions is regulated by protein kinases. Spermatozoa have many special properties, including motility with demonstrated chemotaxis, the ability to undergo capacitation, and the acrosome reaction, which are in part controlled by extracellular signals and in which sperm kinases are considered to be involved. We have previously reported that there is a protein kinase activity, which phosphorylates the synthetic substrate poly-(Glu, Tyr) with a Km value of 2.3 mu M, and is inhibited by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin, in the protein extract from boar spermatozoa (Berruti and Porzio, 1992: Biochim Biophys Acta 1118:149-154). Now we have demonstrated that the enzyme is cytosolic, is active as a monomer of M(r) 42,000, is stimulated by Mg2+ > Mn2+ but not by Ca2+, is renaturable, and can phosphorylate native protein substrates such as microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) and histone H2B both on the tyrosine and serine residues. N-terminal sequence analysis suggests that it is a novel protein. These new findings imply that the boar sperm 42 kD kinase may be a novel member of the emerging class of dual-specificity protein kinases, and they raise the intriguing question of its function in the protein kinase network mediating signal transduction in mammalian spermatozoa.

Biochemical characterization of the boar sperm 42 kDa protein tyrosine kinase: its potential for tyrosine as well as serine phosphorylation towards MAP2 and histone H2B / G. Berruti. - In: MOLECULAR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1040-452X. - 38:4(1994 Aug), pp. 386-392.

Biochemical characterization of the boar sperm 42 kDa protein tyrosine kinase: its potential for tyrosine as well as serine phosphorylation towards MAP2 and histone H2B

G. Berruti
1994-08

Abstract

The majority of cellular responses to changing environmental conditions is regulated by protein kinases. Spermatozoa have many special properties, including motility with demonstrated chemotaxis, the ability to undergo capacitation, and the acrosome reaction, which are in part controlled by extracellular signals and in which sperm kinases are considered to be involved. We have previously reported that there is a protein kinase activity, which phosphorylates the synthetic substrate poly-(Glu, Tyr) with a Km value of 2.3 mu M, and is inhibited by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin, in the protein extract from boar spermatozoa (Berruti and Porzio, 1992: Biochim Biophys Acta 1118:149-154). Now we have demonstrated that the enzyme is cytosolic, is active as a monomer of M(r) 42,000, is stimulated by Mg2+ > Mn2+ but not by Ca2+, is renaturable, and can phosphorylate native protein substrates such as microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) and histone H2B both on the tyrosine and serine residues. N-terminal sequence analysis suggests that it is a novel protein. These new findings imply that the boar sperm 42 kD kinase may be a novel member of the emerging class of dual-specificity protein kinases, and they raise the intriguing question of its function in the protein kinase network mediating signal transduction in mammalian spermatozoa.
spermatozoa; dual specificity protein kinases; MAP2; tyrosine-phosphorylation
Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/272199
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