Polyclonal antibodies directed against human calpactin I (p36) and calpactin II (p35) have been employed to investigate the distribution of calpactin-like proteins in human spermatozoa. Calpactins are a family of Ca2+-regulated cytoskeletal proteins that are major substrates of oncogene and growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinases. The existence of a Triton-soluble 37-kDa protein antigenically related to calpactin II from somatic cells was revealed by Western blot analysis of human sperm extracts. The 37-kDa protein was not released from spermatozoa after experimental induction of the acrosome reaction by A23187 and Ca2+. Treatment of sperm homogenates with an EGTA-containing buffer partially solubilized the 37-kDa protein from the corpuscolate matter. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy showed that anticalpactin II binds specifically to the sperm tail and to a band-like structure encircling the sperm head at the equatorial segment. In contrast, antibodies to calpactin I were found to bind to the tail midpiece, but failed to bind to Western blots of sperm proteins. This is the first immunological and biochemical report on the presence of calpactin proteins in a germ cell, the human spermatozoon.
|Titolo:||Calpactin-like proteins in human spermatozoa|
BERRUTI, GIOVANNA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-1988|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0014-4827(88)90276-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|