The nuclear physics input from the 3He( alpha , gamma )7Be cross section is a major uncertainty in the fluxes of 7Be and /sup 8neutrinos from the Sun predicted by solar models and in the sup 7/Li abundance obtained in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations. The present work reports on a new precision experiment using the activation technique at energies directly relevant to big-bang nucleosynthesis. Previously such low energies had been reached experimentally only by the prompt- gamma technique and with inferior precision. Using a windowless gas target, high beam intensity, and low background gamma -counting facilities, the 3He( alpha , gamma )7Be cross section has been determined at 127, 148, and 169 keV center-of-mass energy with a total uncertainty of 4%. The sources of systematic uncertainty are discussed in detail. The present data can be used in big-bang nucleosynthesis calculations and to constrain the extrapolation of the 3He( alpha , gamma )7Be astrophysical S factor to solar energies.
|Titolo:||Activation measurement of the 3He(alpha, gamma)7Be cross section at low energy|
|Parole Chiave:||alpha particle-nucleus reactions ; cosmic ray neutrinos ; nucleosynthesis ; solar cosmic ray particles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.122502|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|