Technical complications and nosocomial bloodstream infections associated with short-term central venous catheterization remain a heavy burden in terms of morbidity, mortality and cost in HIV-positive subjects. Between 1994 and 1997, 327 central venous catheters (CVCs) inserted in 212 patients for a total of 5005 catheter days were investigated. Forty-two technical complications (13%) occurred in 40 patients. Logistic regression analysis revealed that a high APACHE III score was associated with development of CVC-related complications (P = 0.01). One hundred and eight of 327 CVCs (33%) were suspected as being infected. However only 61 episodes (61/327, 19%) were finally diagnosed as CVC-related sepsis. Three variables affecting the rate of CVC-related sepsis were identified: 1) administration of TPN (P = 0.01); 2) low number of circulating CD4+ cells (P = 0.04); 3) high APACHE III score (P = 0. 04). Doctors responsible for AIDS patients should carefully consider the relative risks and benefits of CVC insertion in an individual patient.
|Titolo:||Morbidity associated with central venous catheter-use in a cohort of 212 hospitalized subjects with HIV infection|
MORACE, GIULIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Central venous catheter; HIV; Sepsis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1053/jhin.1999.0687|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|