Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a chronic condition caused by atherosclerosis and is a severe complication of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We hypothesised that chronic condition of arterial disease engenders inflammation and endothelial damage in response to circulating cytokines released in the blood stream of PAD patients. We explored the levels of circulating cytokines in PAD patients with and without diabetes by multiplex cytokine array compared with non-PAD controls. Serum from PAD patients with or without diabetes showed high levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α, MCP-1, and EGF. VEGF levels correlated with TNF-α and IFN-γ, significantly. Endothelial cells (ECs) were exposed to the different altered cytokines to evaluate changes in cell growth, migration and tubule-like formation, displaying impairment on proliferation, migration and tubule formation. Our findings demonstrate that a set of cytokines is significantly increased in the serum of PAD patients. These cytokines act to induce endothelial dysfunction synergistically. VEGF strongly correlated with TNF-α and IFN-γ, opening new therapeutic perspectives. Copyright © by BIOLIFE, s.a.s.
|Titolo:||Circulating cytokines present in the serum of peripheral arterial disease patients induce endothelial dysfunction|
|Parole Chiave:||Cytokines; Diabetes; Inflammation; Peripheral arterial disease; Oncology; Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism; Physiology (medical); Immunology and Allergy; Immunology; Endocrinology; Physiology; Cancer Research|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|