Chemotherapy is a well established therapeutic approach for several malignancies, but its clinical efficacy is often limited by related cardiotoxicity leading to cardiomyopathy evolving towards heart failure that may worsen the patient outcome. To detect cardiac damage, the most frequently adopted diagnostic approach is the estimation of left ventricular ejection fraction by echocardiography, showing, however, low sensitivity in early prediction of cardiomyopathy, when appropriate treatments could still improve the patient's outcome. Cardiospecific biomarkers, like cardiac troponins, show high diagnostic efficacy in the early, subclinical phase of disease, becoming positive approximately 3 months before clinical onset of cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, the increase in their concentrations is well correlated with the disease severity and may predict the occurrence of major cardiac events during follow-up. On the other hand, negative troponin concentrations may identify patients with a very low risk of cardiomyopathy (negative predictive value = 99%). For cardiac natriuretic peptides, definitive evidence about a diagnostic or prognostic role in predicting chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy is lacking and their practical use in this context cannot be recommended until their clinical efficacy is clearly defined.
|Titolo:||I marcatori biochimici nella valutazione della cardiotossicità da farmaci antineoplastici: analisi sistematica della letteratura e raccomandazioni per il loro utilizzo|
PANTEGHINI, MAURO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cardiotoxicity; Natriuretic peptides; Troponinu|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|