Background: While the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is well established, the debate is still open in relation to bipolar depression and to a possible different effectiveness of high vs. low stimulation. The present study was aimed to assess and compare the efficacy and tolerability of different protocols of augmentative rTMS in a sample of patients with current Major Depressive Episode (MDE), poor drug response/treatment resistance and a diagnosis of MDD or bipolar disorder. Methods: Thirty-three patients were recruited in a 4-week, blind-rater, rTMS trial and randomised to the following three groups of stimulation: (1) ( n= 10) right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) 1 HZ, 110% of the motor threshold (MT), 420 stimuli/day; (2) ( n= 10) right DLPFC, 1. Hz, 110% MT, 900 stimuli/day; (3) ( n= 13) left DLPFC, 10. Hz, 80% MT, 750 stimuli/day. Results: Twenty-nine patients completed the treatment, showing a significant reduction of primary outcome measures (HAM-D, MADRS and CGI-S total scores: t= 8.1, P<. 0.001; t= 8.6, P<. 0.001; t= 4.6, P<. 0.001 respectively). No significant differences in terms of efficacy and tolerability were found between high vs. low frequency and between unipolar and bipolar patients. Side effects were reported by 21% of the sample. One of the 4 dropouts was caused by a hypomanic switch. Conclusions: Augmentative rTMS appeared to be effective and well tolerated for the acute treatment of unipolar and bipolar depression with features of poor drug response/treatment resistance, showing a comparable effectiveness profile between protocols of high and low frequency stimulation.
Augmentative repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in the acute treatment of poor responder depressed patients : a comparison study between high and low frequency stimulation / B. Dell'Osso, L. Oldani, G. Camuri, C. Dobrea, L. Cremaschi, B. Benatti, C. Arici, B. Grancini, A.C. Altamura. - In: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0924-9338. - 30:2(2015), pp. 271-276.
|Titolo:||Augmentative repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in the acute treatment of poor responder depressed patients : a comparison study between high and low frequency stimulation|
DELL'OSSO, BERNARDO MARIA (Primo)
OLDANI, LUCIO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS); Augmentation; Poor drug response; Treatment resistance; Major depressive disorder; Bipolar disorder|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2014.12.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|