Intraoperative transfusion of red blood cells (RBC) is associated with adverse outcome after LT in adult patients. This relationship in pediatric patients has not been studied in depth, and its analysis is the scope of this study. Forty-one variables associated with outcome, including blood product transfusions, were studied in a cohort of 243 pediatric patients undergoing a cadaveric LT between 2002 and 2009 at the General Hospital of Bergamo. Multivariate stepwise Cox proportional hazards models were adopted with adjustment by propensity scores to minimize factors associated with the use of blood products. Median age at transplant was 1.37 yr. In uni- and multivariate analyses, perioperative transfusion of FFP and RBC was an independent risk factor for predicting one-yr patient and graft survival. The effect on one-yr survival was dose-related with a hazard ratio of 3.15 for three or more units of RBC (p = 0.033) and 3.35 for three or more units of FFP (p = 0.021) when compared with 1 or no units transfused. The negative impact of RBC and FFP transfusion was confirmed by propensity score-adjusted analysis. These findings may have important implications for transfusion practice in the LT pediatric recipients.
|Titolo:||The impact of perioperative transfusion of blood products on survival after pediatric liver transplantation|
|Parole Chiave:||pediatric liver transplantation; perioperative; survival; transfusion|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1399-3046.2012.01674.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|