Background Esophageal and pharyngeal problems are common in the majority of patients with epidermolysis bullosa (EB). Repeated blister formation and ulceration, coupled with chronic inflammation, result in scarring and development of esophageal strictures. Objective This study aimed to evaluate whether oral viscous budesonide (OVB) was useful for treating esophageal structures in six pediatric patients (aged 8-17 years) with EB who were affected by dysphagia and esophageal strictures. Methods Patients were treated for 4 months with twice-daily oral budesonide nebulizer solution 0.5 mg/2 mL mixed with maltodextrin 5 g and artificial sweeteners. Results One patient developed a severe oral mycotic infection and discontinued treatment. The other five patients completed the treatment regimen and displayed significantly lower stricture indices (SIs) post-treatment (mean SI ± standard deviation 0.736 ± 0.101 pre-treatment versus 0.558 ± 0.162 post-treatment; p = 0.008). Patients experienced a mean SI decrease of 0.178 (range 0.026-0.296), as well as improved dietary habits in the absence of side effects. Conclusion These findings indicated that topical corticosteroids may significantly alleviate strictures in pediatric patients with EB, thereby limiting the need for endoscopic dilation and considerably improving patients' quality of life.
|Titolo:||Oral viscous budesonide as a first-line Approach to esophageal stenosis in epidermolysis bullosa : an open-label trial in six children|
ESPOSITO, SUSANNA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Administration, Oral; Adolescent; Anti-Inflammatory Agents; Budesonide; Child; Epidermolysis Bullosa; Esophageal Stenosis; Female; Glucocorticoids; Humans; Male; Quality of Life; Pharmacology (medical); Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s40272-014-0086-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|