Objective: The Italian Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases created a registry to determine the management of pediatric acute mastoiditis (AM) in Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of paediatricians was conducted to evaluate hospitalization due to AM in Italian pediatric wards between 1 January 2002, and 31 December 2013. Results: A total of 913 children (561 males, 61.4%) were included in this study. The annual number of AM cases significantly increased during the study period (30 in 2002 and 98 in 2013) but only among older children (≥4 years old; p = 0.02). AM complications occurred in 69 (7.6%) of the children and sequelae were observed in 13 (1.4%) patients. Conclusion: The annual number of pediatric AM cases admitted to Italian pediatric wards increased in the past few years; this increase was strictly age-related. The risk of severe AM complications appeared relatively low, and most AM cases could be treated conservatively.
|Titolo:||Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children|
|Parole Chiave:||Acute mastoiditis; Acute otitis media; Antibiotic treatment; Ear; Pediatric otolaryngology; Pneumococcal vaccination; Infectious Diseases; Microbiology (medical); Microbiology; Virology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1586/14787210.2014.982093|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|