This study tested the hypothesis that maximum O2 uptake (VO2max) sets the uppermost limit to O2 flow. If this is so, the VO2 increase with time during high intensity prolonged exercises (slow component) cannot reach VO2 levels higher than VO2max. To this aim, on 15 amateur cyclists (age, 24±4 years; mean ± S.E.M.) VO2max was measured during graded cycloergometric exercise. On different days, the subjects performed exercises at 80% and 90% of the previously determined VO2max up to exhaustion (Ẇ80 and Ẇ90, respectively). Measured variables included time to exhaustion (Tlim), power output, VO2, CO2 production (VCO2), ventilation (V̇E) and blood lactate concentration ([La]). VO2max was 4.05±0.08 L•min-1. At the end of Ẇ80 (Tlim 1649±145 s) and Ẇ90 (Tlim 733±65 s), VO2 was 3.77±0.13 and 4.08±0.12 L•min-1 respectively. VO2 at the end of Ẇ90 was similar to VO2max, while at the end of Ẇ80 it was significantly lower. [La] was increased at the end of prolonged exercises not only with respect to rest, but also compared to values at exercise minute 5, indicating anaerobic lactic metabolism contribution to energy production. Compensation of lactic acidosis led to significant increases in V̇E and V̇CO2 at the end of Ẇ80 and Ẇ90. In conclusion, the present results support the hypothesis that VO2max really reflects the individual maximum aerobic power, without being limited by factors intrinsic to the experimental procedures.
|Titolo:||Phase III VO2 increase does not lead to VO2 values higher than VO2 max during prolonged intense exercises in humans|
|Autori interni:||ESPOSITO, FABIO (Primo)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11332-006-0026-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|