Mutations of the Interleukin-1-receptor accessory protein like 1 (IL1RAPL1) gene are associated with cognitive impairment ranging from non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation to autism. IL1RAPL1 belongs to a novel family of IL1/Toll receptors, which is localized at excitatory synapses and interacts with PSD-95. We previously showed that IL1RAPL1 regulates the synaptic localization of PSD-95 by controlling c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity and PSD-95 phosphorylation. Here, we show that the IgG-like extracellular domains of IL1RAPL1 induce excitatory pre-synapse formation by interacting with protein tyrosine phosphatase delta (PTP delta). We also found that IL1RAPL1 TIR domains interact with RhoGAP2, which is localized at the excitatory post-synaptic density. More interestingly, the IL1RAPL1/PTP delta complex recruits RhoGAP2 at excitatory synapses to induce dendritic spine formation. We also found that the IL1RAPL1 paralog, IL1RAPL2, interacts with PTPd and induces excitatory synapse and dendritic spine formation. The interaction of the IL1RAPL1 family of proteins with PTPd and RhoGAP2 reveals a pathophysiological mechanism of cognitive impairment associated with a novel type of trans-synaptic signaling that regulates excitatory synapse and dendritic spine formation.
The X-linked intellectual disability protein IL1RAPL1 regulates excitatory synapse formation by binding PTP delta and RhoGAP2 / P. Valnegri, C. Montrasio, D. Brambilla, J. Ko, M. Passafaro, C. Sala. - In: HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS. - ISSN 0964-6906. - 20:24(2011 Dec 15), pp. ddr418.4797-ddr418.4809.
|Titolo:||The X-linked intellectual disability protein IL1RAPL1 regulates excitatory synapse formation by binding PTP delta and RhoGAP2|
|Parole Chiave:||dentritic spine morphology; mental-retardation; tyrosine phosphatases; adhesion molecules; rho-GTPases; family; gene; autism; neurolingins; plasticity; animal cell; article; cognitive defect; nonhuman; paralogy; priority journal; protein domain; protein interaction; protein localization; rat; regulatory mechanism; synaptic potential; X linked|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-dic-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddr418|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|