Repair of DNA interstrand cross-links is a challenging problem for cells. Many human gene products influence sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, but the mechanisms of cross-link repair are unknown. In Drosophila melanogaster, the mus308 mutation leads to marked sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents. The C-terminal portion of the Mus308 polypeptide encodes a DNA polymerase, whereas a putative DNA helicase is encoded by the N-terminal portion. As a step toward isolating proteins involved in DNA cross-link repair, we searched for mammalian genes similar to the DNA helicase portion of Mus308. Human and mouse homologs were isolated from cDNA expression libraries and designated HEL308. Human HEL308 is on chromosome 4q21 and encodes a polypeptide of 1101 amino acids. The protein was expressed in insect cells and purified. REL308 is a single-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase and DNA helicase. Mutation of a highly conserved lysine to methionine in helicase domain I eliminated both activities. The protein readily displaces 20- to 40-mer duplex oligonucleotides. Displacement of longer substrates was less efficient but was stimulated by the single-stranded DNA-binding protein RPA. Activity was supported by ATP or dATP but not other nucleotide triphosphates. The enzyme translocates on DNA with 3' to 5' polarity and behaves as a multimer upon gel filtration.
|Titolo:||A human DNA helicase homologous to the DNA cross-link sensitivity protein Mus308|
MARINI, FEDERICA (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1074/jbc.M110271200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|