Polynucleotide phosphorylase is a prokaryotic enzyme that catalyzes phosphorolysis of polynucleotides with release of nucleotide diphosphates. By taking advantage of this property, we developed a photometric assay for inorganic phosphate. In the presence of polyadenylic acid, phosphate is converted into adenosine 50-diphosphate (ADP) by this enzyme. ADP then reacts with phosphoenolpyruvate in a pyruvate kinase-catalyzed reaction, thus giving rise to adenosine 50-triphosphate and pyruvate. Finally, pyruvate oxidizes reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) through the action of L-lactate dehydrogenase, with concomitant decrease in absorbance at 340 nm. As expected, in this detection system 1mol of NADH was oxidized per mole of phosphate. The assay showed an excellent reproducibility, as the standard deviations never exceeded 5%. It also was shown to be unaVected by several compounds that are regarded as major interferents of the traditional colorimetric assays. Absence of interference was also demonstrated when determining phosphate content in diVerent biological samples, such as human serum and perchloric acid extracts from Escherichia coli, yeast, and bovine liver. An E. coli strain overexpressing His-tagged polynucleotide phosphorylase developed in our laboratories allowed quick and straightforward puriWcation of enzyme, making the assay feasible and convenient. Since all other reagents required are inexpensive, the assay represents a cheaper alternative to commercially available phosphate assay kits.
Polynucleotide phosphorylase-based photometric assay for inorganic phosphate / A. Ghetta, M. Matus-Ortega, J. García-Mena, G. Dehò, P. Tortora, M.E. Regonesi. - In: ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0003-2697. - 327:2(2004), pp. 209-214.
|Titolo:||Polynucleotide phosphorylase-based photometric assay for inorganic phosphate|
GHETTA, ANDREA (Primo)
REGONESI, MARIA ELENA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Polynucleotide phosphorylase; Phosphate assay; Escherichia coli|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2004.01.034|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|